The damselfishes (Pisces: Osteichthyes: Pomacentridae) of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore: systematics, ecology and conservation
Cite this article as: Sin, T.M., Teo, M.M., Ng, P.K.L. et al. Hydrobiologia (1994) 285: 49. doi:10.1007/BF00005653 Abstract
Damselfishes (Pomacentridae) are among the most common of reef fishes in tropical seas, comprising 320 species in all, with 268 species alone in the Indo-West Pacific regions. 15 genera (
Abudefduf, Amblyglyphidodon, Amphiprion, Chelioprion, Chromis, Chrysiptera, Dascyllus, Pristotis, Dischistodus, Hemiglyphidodon, Neoglyphidodon, Neopomacentrus, Plectroglyphidodon, Pomacentrus, Stegastes) and at least 39 species inhabit the waters of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. They are important ecologically because many species are extremely abundant in reefs, and also economically, as several are collected in large numbers for the lucrative aquarium trade. This demand has led to some fishermen using destructive methods in obtaining the fishes, to the point that original standing populations may not be recoverable. This threat poses a need for conservation of the reefs. The present study based primarily on fishes collected from the waters of Singapore and specimens from the Zoological Reference Collection at the National University of Singapore, will serve the dual purpose of establishing a current species list for Malaysia and Singapore, and to update and clarify the local taxonomy of the group. An annotated list (with localities) is provided of the known or reported species to aid studies on reefs. Key words Pomacentridae Malaysia Singapore taxonomy ecology conservation References
Albaladejo, V. D & V. T.Corpuz, 1981. A market study of aquarium fish industry of the Philippines: an assessment of the growth and the mechanics of the trade. Proc. Fourth Intern. Coral Reef Symp., Manila 1: 75–81.
Allen, G. R., 1975a. Damselfishes of the South Seas. T.F.H Publ. Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey, USA, 237 pp.
Allen, G. R., 1975b. Anemonefishes and their Amazing Partnership. Aust. Nat. Hist. 18: 274–278.
Allen, G. R., M. L. Bauchot & M. Desoutter, 1978. The status of
Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacépède), a pomacentrid fish from the Indo-west Pacific. Copeia 1978: 328–330.
Allen, G. R., 1980. Anemonefishes of the World. Aquarium Systems, Mentor, Ohio, USA, 103 pp.
Allen, G. R., 1987.
, a new species of damselfish from the tropical western Pacific Ocean. Revue Aquariol. 13: 107–110.
Allen, G. R., 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Aquarium Systems, Mentor, Ohio, USA, 271 pp.
Bleeker, P., 1877. Atlas Ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néerlandaises, publié sous les auspices du Government Colonial Néerlandais. Amsterdam. Müller. 1862–77, 9 Vols., 420 pp.
Carpenter, K. E., 1981. The influence of substrate structure on the local abundance and diversity of Philippine reef fishes. Proc. Fourth Intern. Coral Reef Symp., Manila 2: 497–502.
Chia, L. S., K. Habibullah & L. M. Chou, 1988. The coastal environment profile of Singapore. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) Technical Reports 21. Publ. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines, 92 pp.
Chou, L. M. (ed.), 1989. Final report of the Singapore Component of the Asean-Australia Project on Living Resources in Coastal Areas Phase One: July 1985–June 1989, Singapore: 15–21.
De Beaufort, L. F., 1940. The Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. E. J. Brill, Leiden: 326–472.
Emery, A. R. & G. R. Allen, 1980.
; A senior synonym for the damselfish genus
; osteological and other evidence, with comments on other genera. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8: 1–199.
Fowler, H. W. & B. A. Bean, 1928. The fishes of the families Pomacentridae, Labridae, and Callyodontidae, collected be the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer ‘Albatross’, chiefly in the Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 100: 1–525.
Lim, G. S. Y., L. M. Chou & L. S. Chia, 1990. The Biological Communities of the Coral Reefs of Singapore With Emphasis on Reef Fishes and Hard Corals. The Second Asian Fisheries Forum. Publ. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila: 381–384. Khoo, H. W. & S. W. Tay, 1990. Coral Reef Fishes of Singapore. In L. M. Chou and P. K. L. Ng (eds), Essays in Zoology. Dept. Zool., Natn. Univ. Singapore, Singapore: 127–152.
Randall, J. E., 1985.
(Cuvier, 1830), the correct name for the Indo-Pacific damselfish previously known as
(Cuvier, 1830) (Pomacentridae). Cybium 9: 411–413.
Sale, P. F., 1978. Coexistence of coral reef fishes — a lottery for living space. Envir. Biol. Fish. 3: 85–102.
Sano, M., M. Shimizu & Y. Nose, 1984. Changes in structure of coral reef fish communities by destruction of hermatypic corals: Observation and experimental views. Pacific Sci. 38: 51–79.
Uchida, H., 1975. Symbiosis between sea-anemones and fishes. Marine Flowers, 1975: 57–60.
Whitley, G. P., 1929. Some fishes of the order
. Mem. Qld. Mus. 9: 207–246.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994