Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 439–448

Spawning induces a shift in energy metabolism from glucose to lipid in rainbow trout white muscle

  • A. Kiessling
  • L. Larsson
  • K. -H. Kiessling
  • P. B. Lutes
  • T. Storebakken
  • S. S. S. Hung
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00004344

Cite this article as:
Kiessling, A., Larsson, L., Kiessling, K.-. et al. Fish Physiol Biochem (1995) 14: 439. doi:10.1007/BF00004344

Abstract

Enzymatic changes that occur in the white somatic muscle of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in response to spawning were investigated, and the evenness of their distribution across the ventral-dorsal plane of this muscle was assessed. Four enzymes that are involved in energy metabolism were measured (phosphofructokinase: glycolytic capacity, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase: β-oxidation, citrate synthase: citric acid cycle, cytochrome oxidase: oxidative capacity). The enzyme activities were followed in different parts of the white muscle of non-spawning female rainbow trout from May, four months after their first spawning, until December, at second spawning. Samples were taken from white epaxial muscle along the lateral line, on the dorsum, and in between. Samples were also taken from red muscle of non-spawning fish. The isoforms of myosin heavy chains (MyHC) were electrophoretically identified on 6% SDS-PAGE gel to study possible changes in contractile properties of the muscle.

Transformation from the non-spawning to spawning phase was associated with dramatic changes in the activity of the enzymes studied in white muscle: glycolytic capacity decreased to less than half, whereas oxidative metabolism increased about two- to four-fold in all areas. Significant quantitative differences in enzyme activities were found between the three epaxial muscle areas: in the non-spawning fish lateral line samples differed from those taken in the other two areas, whereas in spawning fish the dorsal sample difered from the other two. No difference in the expression of MyHC-isoforms was found between spawning and non-spawning fish. Co-expression of both slow and fast isoforms was found in single fibres isolated from red muscle.

The results show that the energy metabolism in white muscle of domestic rainbow trout is altered during spawning; i.e., the metabolism becomes increasingly aerobic, with an increased capacity for fatty acid utilization, concomitant with phenotypic changes associated with sexual maturation. These changes are especially pronounced in ventral, superficially located fibres.

Keywords

salmonidsspawningmuscle enzymelipid catabolismglucose catabolismmyosin heavy chain

Copyright information

© Kugler Publications 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kiessling
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Larsson
    • 3
  • K. -H. Kiessling
    • 2
  • P. B. Lutes
    • 5
  • T. Storebakken
    • 4
  • S. S. S. Hung
    • 5
  1. 1.Departments of AquacultureUniversity of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Animal HusbandryUniversity of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Department of Clinical NeurophysiologyKarolinska HospitalStockholmSweden
  4. 4.AKVAFORSK LtdSunndlöraNorway
  5. 5.Department of Animal ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaDavisU.S.A.
  6. 6.Department of Food ScienceUniversity of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  7. 7.Department of Food ScienceUniversity of Agriculture ScienceUppsalaSweeden